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import Term from '../src/components/Term'

---
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id: essiflab-concept-party
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title: Party (Scope: essifLab)
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---

## Scope
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essifLab
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## Criterion:
Entity that has knowledge about what exists, ways to reason[^1] with that knowledge, and ways for making decisions in a Self-Sovereign[^2] fashion.

## Examples:
People obviously qualify. Enterprises, governments, and other organizations also qualify as they can be seen as having their own knowledge (e.g. in their registrations, databases etc.), ways to reason with that knowledge (business rules, exercised by their employees or IT systems), and making decision. 

Stones, pictures, ideas, etc. do not qualify. Also, electronic components do not qualify[^3].

### xxx:


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[^1]: Reasoning means: inferring conclusions from data, regardless of the kind of logic that is being used, or whether the reasoning is coherent, or consistent.

[^2]: This means that the party can do this all by itself. For humans, the rights for this are laid down e.g. in the [ECHR](https://www.echr.coe.int "European Convention of Human Rights") ([ECHR articles 9-11](https://www.echr.coe.int/Documents/Convention_ENG.pdf))

[^3]: While the case can be made that (some) electronic components can reason, they do not do so in a self-sovereign fashion as intended by this definition. We do not want to discuss AI-equipment here.