Commit 0a9ed3be authored by fmerg's avatar fmerg

Include legal-system term

parent 86a9d368
---
id: legal-system
title: "Legal System"
scopeid: essifLab
type: concept
typeid: legal-system
stage: draft
hoverText: "Legal-system: a system in which rules are defined, and mechanisms for their enforcement and conflict resolution are (implicitly or explicitly) specified."
---
## Short Description
<!--REQUIRED--in 1-3 sentences that describe the concept to a layperson with reasonable accuracy.-->
A **Legal System** is a system in which rules are defined ([legislature](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Legislature)) and a mechanism for their enforcement is implicitly or explicitly defined ([executive](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Executive_(government))), as well as a mechanism for conflict resolution ([judiciary](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Judiciary)). A legal system is designed and governed by a single %%party|party%%. A legal system can be operationalized by assigning it a scope within which enforcement and conflict resolution are implemented. The associated operational tasks may be mandated or delegated to other parties. Depending on the individual legal system, ‘rules’ may be called ‘laws’, ‘regulations’, ‘directives’, ‘policies’, ‘working instructions’, etc. Other terms exist for specializations of these terms, e.g. ‘order’, ‘mandate’, and others.
## Purpose
<!--Describe why the concept is needed. What purposes does it serve? What can you do with it that you cannot do (as well) without it? What objectives does it help realize? Why is this concept relevant within its scope of definition?-->
The ability to distinguish between (non)legal-systems is a very generic enabler to tell which rules (laws, policies, guidelines, etc.) will apply within its %%scope|scope%%, as well as to evaluate the risks that we run when not complying with the rules. Conversely, the %%party|party%% that operates a legal system may provide additional rules to help mitigate such risks.
## Criteria
A system in which rules are defined ([legislature](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Legislature)), can be enforced ([executive](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Executive_(government))), and a mechanism is defined to resolve conflicts ([judiciary](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Judiciary)).
## Examples
<!--Provide a few sentences in which you give examples that obviously qualify as instances of `<New Term>`, and that do NOT obviously qualify. Also, provide examples that are not (so) obvious, but help users to better understand its intension.-->
- many nations have their own legal system (see e.g. [WikiPedia](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_national_legal_systems))
- enterprises typically have at least one legal system, with policies or working instructions as their rules.
- multi-nationals, NGO's etc. typically have multiple legal systems that are to be operated in different %%scopes|jurisdiction%% where such operations are subject to other, often %%legal jurisdictions|jurisdiction%%.
- all sorts of associations, societies, clubs, unions would qualify as a jurisdiction.
- families have a legal system, where the rules may or may not change regularly, enforcement may not always be consistent, and conflict resolution may be ad-hoc.
- individual people can be said to have a legal system of their own, containing e.g. rules for ethics and morals.
## Background:
<!--Mention and link to the patterns in which this concept plays a (significant) role (possibly explaining the reason/purpose if appropriate), e.g.: -->
The %%jurisdiction pattern|pattern-jurisdiction%% provides an overview of how this concept fits in with related concepts.
\ No newline at end of file
Markdown is supported
0% or
You are about to add 0 people to the discussion. Proceed with caution.
Finish editing this message first!
Please register or to comment